Chap. 19 - Dielectric properties and switching processes of ferroelectric superlattices
Keywords:thin films, perovskites, BaTiO3, BaZrO3, superlattice, ferroelectric, polarization, switching, dielectric properties, phase transitions
Abstract: We review dielectric properties of BaZrO3/BaTiO3 (BZ/BT) superlattices deposited on a single-crystal MgO substrate, and having a period of 13.32 nm. These superlattices have specific properties distinguishing them from BZ or BT bulk materials, and from thin films, with a ferroelectric phase transition around 393-395 °?, significantly higher than in bulk samples and thin films of BT, and appearing of second order. The polarization switching occurs in two stages and the precise analysis of experimental data demonstrates that the motion of the domain walls causes the switching processes. We conclude that the mobility of the domain walls decreases on heating. The presence of an internal bias field has been demonstrated and shown to be directed from the superlattice to the substrate, in agreement with an analysis based on the flexoelectric effect. The switching current has been shown to vary in weak fields as 1/E? with the exponent ? much smaller than in thin ferroelectric films. The appearance of the power index ?, which is significantly different from unity, may be due to a decrease in the average value of the switched polarization due to the boundaries between layers of different materials.
Scott J. F. Application of modern ferroelectrics // Science. - 2017. -
Vol. 315. ? 5814. - P. 954-959.
Dawber M., Rabe K. M., and Scott J. F. Physics of thin-film ferroelectric
oxides // Reviews of Modern Physics. - 2005. - Vol. 77. - P. 1083–1130.
Scott J. F. Prospects for Ferroelectrics: 2012-2022 // ISRN Materials
science. - 2012. - Vol 2013. - P. 1-24.
Bez R., Pirovano A. Non-volatile memory technologies: emerging concepts
and new materials // Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. - 2004. - Vol. 7, ? 4–6.
- P. 349–355.
Setter N., Damjanovic D., Eng L., Fox G., Gevorgian S., Hong S., Kingon
A., Kohlstedt H., Park N.Y., Stephenson G.B., Stolitchnov I., Taganstev A.K.,
Taylor D. V., Yamada T., Streiffer S. Ferroelectric thin films: Review of
materials, properties, and applications // J. Appl. Phys. - 2006. - Vol. 100,
? 5. - P. 051606.
Vorotilov K.A., Sigov A.S. Ferroelectric memory // Phys. Solid State. -
- Vol. 54. - ? 5. - P. 894–899.
Rabe K. M., Dawber M., Lichtensteiger C., Ahn C. H., and Triscone J. M.
Modern physics of ferroelectrics: essential background // Topics in Applied
Physics. - 2007. - Vol. 105. -P. 1–30.
Dawber M., Lichtensteiger C., Cantoni M.et al. Unusual behavior of the
ferroelectric polarization in PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices // Physical Review
Letters. - 2005. - Vol.95. - ? 17.- Article ID 177601, 4 pages.
Jo J. Y., Chen P., Sichel R. J. et al. Nanosecond dynamics of
ferroelectric / dielectric superlattices // Physical Review Letters. - 2011. -
Vol. 107.- ? 5, Article ID 055501.
Jiang A. Q., Scott J. F., Lu H. B., and Chen Z. Phase transitions and
polarizations in epitaxial BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices studied by
second - harmonic generation //Journal of Applied Physics. - 2003. - Vol. 93. -
Rios S., Ruediger A., Jiang A. Q., Scott J. F., Lu H., and Chen Z.
Orthorhombic strontium titanate in BaTiO3-SrTiO3 superlattices // Journal of
Physics Condensed Matter. - 2003. - Vol. 15.- ? 21. - P. L305–L309.
Johnston K., Huang X. Y., Neaton J. B., and Rabe K. M. Unusual behavior
of the polarization in BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices // Physical Review B. -
- Vol. 71. - ? 10, Article ID 100103.
Harigai T., Tanaka D., Kakemoto H., Wada S., and Tsurumia T. Dielectric
properties of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices measured with interdigital
electrodes and electromagnetic field analysis // Journal of Applied Physics.
- 2003. - Vol. 94. - ? 12. - P. 7923-7925.
TsurumiT, IchikawaT., HarigaiT., KakemotoH., and Wada S. Dielectric and
optical properties of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 and BaTiO3 / BaZrO3 superlattices //
Journal of Applied Physics. - 2002. - Vol. 91. - ? 4. - P. 2284-2289.
Qu B. D., Evstigneev M., Johnson D. J., and Prince R. H. Dielectric
properties of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 multilayered thin films prepared by pulsed laser
deposition //Appl. Phys. Lett. - 1998 . - Vol. 72, ? 11, P. 1394-1396.
Alexander Sidorkin, Lolita Nesterenko, Yaovi Gagou, Pierre
Saint-Gregoire, Eugeniy Vorotnikov and Nadezhda Popravko. Dielectric Properties and Switching Processes of Barium Titanate–Barium Zirconate Ferroelectric Superlattices. Materials, 2018, 11, 1436; doi:10.3390/ma11081436
Sidorkin, A.S., Nesterenko, L.P., Gagou, Y., Saint-Gregoire P., Pakhomov
A.Yu., Popravko N.G. Repolarization of Ferroelectric Superlattices
BaZrO3 / BaTiO3. Scientific Reports 9, 18948 (2019) doi:10.1038/s41598-019-55475-2.
El Marssi M, Gagou Y, Belhadi J, De Guerville F. Yuzyuk YI and Raevski IP
(2010) Ferroelectric BaTiO3/BaZrO3superlattices: X-ray diffraction, Raman
spectroscopy, and polarization hysteresis loops, J. Appl. Phys. 108:084104.
Yuzyuk YI, Sakhovoy RA, Maslova OA, Shirokov VB, Zakharchenko IN, Belhadi J and El Marssi M (2014). Phase transitions in BaTiO3 thin films and
BaTiO3/BaZrO3 superlattices, J. Appl. Phys. 116:184102.
M. Itoh, R. Wang, Y. Inaguma, T. Yamaguchi,Y.J. Shan, T. Nakamura, Phys.
Rev.Lett. 1999, Vol.82, P.3540.
X. Yang, Y. Wang , Q. Song, Y. Chen and Y. Hong Xue. Pressure Effects on
Structural, Electronic, Elastic, and Optical Properties of Cubic and Tetragonal Phases of BaZrO 3. ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A. 2018, Vol. 133, ?.5,
Nakhmanson,S.M.; Rabe, K.M.; Vanderbilt, D. Predicting polarization
enhancement in multicomponent ferroelectric superlattices //Phys. Rev. B. –
- Vol. 73, 060101(R).
Sidorkin AS, Nesterenko LP, Darinskii BM, Sidorkin AA, Senkevich SV,
Vorotnikov EV and Nguyen HoaiThuong (2017). Switching processes of thin
ferroelectric films. Mater. Res. Bull. 96: 206-210.
Lebedev A.I. Properties of ferroelectric BaTiO3 / BaZrO3superlattices
with competing instabilities // Physics of the Solid State. – 2013. – Vol. 55. –
Miller R.C. and Weinreich G. Mechanism for the sidewise motion of
-domain walls in barium titanate. // Phys. Rev. – 1960. – Vol. 117. –
Hayashi M. () Kinetics of domain wall motion in ferroelectric switching.
I. General formulation // J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. - 1972. – Vol. 33. – P.616-628.
Darinskii B.M. and Sidorkin A.S. The motion of the domain boundaries in
crystals of KH2PO4 Group // Ferroelectrics.- 1987 . – Vol.71. – P.269-279.
Sidorkin A.S. Domain boundaries in ferroelectrics // J.Adv.Dielectr. - 2012. - 2: 1230013.
Darinsky B.M., Fedosov V.N. The motion of a 180 - degree domain
boundary in perovskite - type ferroelectrics // Proceedings of the RAS of the
USSR, ser. Fiz. - 1971. – Vol. 35. – P.1795.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Alexander Sidorkin, Lolita Nesterenko, Yaovi Gagou , Pierre Saint-Gregoire , Alexey Pakhomov , Nadezhda Popravko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License ( Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- To the extent transferable, copyright in and to the undersigned article is hereby assigned to Collaborating Academics and Open Access Journal Materials and Devices (ISSN: 2495-3911) for publication in the website of the journal and as part of a book (eventually a special volume) that could be produced in a printed and/or an electronic form.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- Figures, tables, and other information present in articles published in the OAJ Materials and Devices may be reused without permission, provided the citation of original article is made in figure's or table's caption.