Electronic and optical properties of Ba(1-x)Ca(x) TiO3 and Ba(1-x)Sr(x)TiO3
Keywords:DFT calculations, band gap, density of states, optical properties
AbstractThe effect of Ca and Sr-doping on the structural electronic and optical properties of the cubic Ba1-xCaxTiO3 and Ba1-xSrxTiO3 (x=0.4, 0.6) mixed crystals was investigated using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). The calculated band structures based on the optimized geometry of the cell for the solid solutions show an indirect band gap character at M-points, with low energy dispersion along height symmetry directions in the Brillouin zone. The band gaps increase with Ca and Sr concentrations. The total and partial densities of states were analyzed to examine the contribution of different orbitals to the maximum of valence band and the minimum of the conduction band. The optical properties such as reflectivity, energy loss, refractive index and extinction coefficient were studied.
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